Leigh Extence
Fine Antique Clocks

Selected Watches & Movements - some by well-known makers

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Movements 1 Josh. Penlington, Liverpool, No.2109: a three-quarter plate fusee movement with an unusual ?? balance that has a split  bimetallic balance to the lever escapement, with stop-work operated via a lever to the side allowing the sweep seconds hand to be  set, the backplate with Liverpool windows jewelling and signed Detached Lever by Josh Pennington, Liverpool, No.2109, missing  wheelwork. Joseph Penlington was a well-known chronometer maker in Church Street from 181-34, and then St George’s  Crescent. 2 Josh. Williamson, Rochdale, No.15880: a three-quarter plate fusee movement with a gold three-bar balance to the lever  escapement and an extremely fine engraved cock, with stopwork operated via a lever to the side allowing the sweep seconds hand  to be set, the backplate with signed Detached Lever, Josh Williamson, Rochdale, No.15880. Joseph williamson is known to have  been working in Yorkshire Street, Rochdale from before 1848 until at least 1858.  3 Bethel Jacobs, By Appointt. To the Queen, Hull, 12809: a full-plate fusee movement with a free-sprung split bimetallic  balance, the signature repeated to the dial.  Israel Jacobs & Son are recorded as working circa 1813 until 1834 at which date the son, Bethel Jacobs, continued alone at White  Friargate and then Dock Street.  4 Jas. McCabe, Royal Exchange, London, 18833: a three-quarter plate fusee movement, with a gold three-bar balance to  the lever escapement, the regulation with a Coventry fleur-de-lys mid-point mark, the signature repeated to the dial which has fine  blued steel fleur-de-lys hands.   James McCabe, born circa 1748, was an Irish watchmaker from Lurgin, near Belfast, the son of the watchmaker Patrick. He  ventured to London in 1775, via Belfast where he had worked with his brother Thomas , becoming Free of the Clockmakers  Company in 1781. He was raised to the Livery in 1787 and became a Junior Warder in January1809, a Renter Warden in October  of that year and finally a Senior Warden in July 1811, the year of his death on the 6th of October at his home in Stoke Newington of  'mortification of the leg'. He left a wife, Elizabeth, and eleven surviving children. The business came to further prominence after his  death when he was succeeded by his sons Thomas & James, along with Robert Jeremy, helped by James Snrs widow Elizabeth.  After 1833, when Elizabeth died, only two sons, Robert and eldest son Charley, survived with Robert taking sole charge of the  business. The firm made fine clocks and carriage clocks as well as chronometers. For a full history see Allix & Bonnert, Carriage  Clocks; Derek Roberts, Carriage & Other Travelling Clocks; Andrew Nicholls, English Bracket & Mantel Clocks, and various other  publications. 5 Jas. McCabe, Royal Exchange, London, 04130: as above but numbered 04130 and without a dial.  6 Thomas Sherwood, Leeds, 1234: a full-plate fusee movement with a savage two-pin escapement, with a finely engraved  cock to the flat steel, three-arm balance, with dial. Thomas Sherwood is recorded as marrying Ann Peacock in 1802 at York with a shop in Briggate, Leeds from 1807 until at least  1817, where his son was born in 1813, moving to 44, Briggate in 1826 where he is still recorded in 1834.   7 Robins, Soho, 13 Frith Street, Soho,  London, 1321: a full-plate fusee movement with a duplex escapement and split  bimetallic balance, signed on both the backplate and dust cover as above, with the regulation index also engraved on the cover  which is stamped inside, R.E (cameo), with dial and gold spade hands. John Robins is recorded as working in Frith Street circa  1825.  8 James Bishopp, 20 Bunhill Rd, 56308: a half-plate fusee movement with a free-sprung bimetallic balance to the lever  escapement, with a reversed fusee and Brequet overcoil, the dial with up-and-down work to 30 hours. On his index card, Cutmore  repeats the theory put forward by Gould (page 233) that the usual way of planting a fusee in a chronometer is incorrect as the side  pressure upon the pivots of the fusee is the sum of the pull of the chain etc etc.  James Bishopp is recorded as working at 20  Bunhill Road circa 1876 to 1881.  9 T.J. Mercer, Manufacturer, 9098: a full-plate fusee movement with an engraved cock to the unusual three-bar balance with  poising screws, the traditional Bosley regulation has a Coventry star to the mid-point mark of the index, with a dust cover stamped  H.O. Thomas Mercer was a fine chronometer maker who founded the famous Mercer firm of makers who monopolised the chronometer  movement industry at the turn of the 20th century. 10  Allam & Caithness, London, 3460: a full-plate fusee movement with a cylinder escapement with a steel balance to the  finely engraved cock, a diamond endstone and wound through the convex dial, with a Tompion regulator, the front plate is  interestingly scratched CC Petler, Riverhead, Kent, with dust cover. Allam & Caithness were successors to Allam & Clements circa  1800 – 1805.  11 Haley, Wigmore Street, London M/DCII: a full-plate barrel movement with a gold three-bar balance, missing the index lever,  beautifully engraved in script on the backplate, with dial.  Charles Haley, a well-known horological innovator, was apprenticed in 1762 to Brockbank and free of the Clockmakers Company  in 1781. In 1797 he patented an invention for a marine chronometer and died in 1823.  12  William Bellion, 89 Park Road, 1801: engraved on the dust cover Bellions’ Improved Patent Lever Warranted for 20 Years,  with a fusee, chiselled engraving to the balance cock & apron, which is also engraved Liverpool, three-bar gold balance with  traditional Bosley regulation, the size 6 Coventry frame stamped W*F.  13  Arnold & Dent, 5003: three-quarter plate movement with a lever escapement, a brass balance and capped jewels, circa  1837.   A partnership between the two eminent chronometer makers, John Roger Arnold & Edward Dent, formed in 1830 working from  their premises in the Strand and ended in 1840, three years before the death of Arnold.   14  Kendal & Dent, London, 16908: a full-plate fusee movement with an engraved cock, split-bimetallic balance and modified  Bosley regulation with a raised silvered quadrant, signed on the dial Kendal & Dent, London, 16908. Kendall & Dent are recorded  working as a partnership from 1881 until 1927.  15  Thos Earnshaw, 7134: as signed on the dial, with remains of a movement with the lever escapement intact. Thomas  Earnshaw, born 1749, died 1829, was one of the most emminent chronometer makers working at this period and invented the  spring detent escapement bearing his name that did so much to revolutionise chronometer making. He was succeeded by his son  and then in turn by his son, both also named Thomas.  16  Sir John Bennett, 65 & 64 Cheapside, London, 42128: a full-plate fusee movement with a finely engraved balance cock  and gold three-bar balance, the traditional Bosley regulation with a Coventry asterix mid-point mark, the dust cap stamped W&A. O   for Oxley, Coventry. Sir John Bennett was a prominent watch maker and businessman working from circa 1857 until after 1881.  17  C. Cross, Royal Exchange, London, No 9810: a three-quarter plate fusee movement with index to the top-plate and  Coventry four-arrows mid-point mark, missing the balance and balance cock.   18  J.B. Dent & Sons, London: as signed on the dial, the going-barrel movement with a plain top plate engraved with the serial  number 159370, the Bosley regulation with raised silvered quadrant, the front plate of Lancashire form.  19  Alfred Russell & Co, Makers to the Queen, Liverpool & London, 24706: the full-plate movement with a finely engraved  balance cock, a split-bimetallic balance and traditional Bosley regulation with a Coventry four-arrows mid-point mark to the index,  the size 16 plate numbered 24706 and unsigned but of typical John Wycherley form, the dial signed Alfred Russell & Co, 24706.  20  John Forrest, London, Chronometer Maker to the Admiralty, 40751: with a finely engraved bridge, missing the balance  cock and balance. John Forrest was a well-known maker recorded working between 1857 and 1911 as a watch and clockmaker to  the Admiralty. 21  Miles, Ludgate Street, London, 11565: conversion from verge escapement to lever as described on the index card shown  below. Septimus Miles is recorded working in Ludgate Street becoming Free of the Clockmakers Company in 1797, and died in  1840. His son, also Septimus, is recorded working in the mid-to-late 1800’s.  
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Watches 22  Brockbanks’, London, 4046: a silver open-faced pocket watch, the full-plate fusee movement has maintaining power, a duplex  escapement with a flat steel three-arm balance, finely engraved balance cock and traditional Bosley regulation, with the off-white dial  signed Brockbanks, London and having written on its underside Oct 1810,  the serial number would indicate a date of manufacture of  circa this date, with the dust cap stamped I.E. The case is hallmarked for London 1859, which would indicate it being re-cased at this  time, and is stamped with the case maker’s initials, EH (cameo) Brockbanks was a partnership between two members of this famous  chronometer making family, John, apprenticed 1761, and Myles, apprenticed 1769, died 1821, who were working from circa 1790.  23  Litherland & Co, Liverpool, 3268: an open-faced silver pocket watch, the full-plate fusee movement has a rack lever  escapement with a thirty-tooth escape wheel and with a flat steel three-arm balance and slide adjustment, the finely engraved cock of  typical rack-lever form, with Patent engraved across the centre and traditional Bosley regulation with Lancashire crows-feet index  markings, the serial number 3268 would suggest a date of circa 1803. The case is hallmarked for silver, London 1859 which would  indicate it being re-cased at this time, and is stamped with the case maker’s initials ?.T, with a gold spade hour hand, missing the  minute hand.  Peter Litherland, of Mount Pleasant, was a well-known watch maker who patented a new form of rack lever in 1792. He died in 1805.  24  Grant, Fleet Street, London, 1298: a full hunter silver pocket watch, the full-plate fusee movement with a cylinder verge-style  escapement and Tompion regulation, steel three-bar balance with a stunning pierced & engraved cock, with a diamond endstone and  engraved backplate. The case is hallmarked for London 1851, with case makers initials WB (cameo), probably William Brady, 53  Rahere Street, Goswell Road, London N, along with the name John Davies April 1871, the off-white dial has blued steel spade hands.  John Grant is recorded working in Fleet Street becoming free of the Clockmakers Company in 1781 until his death in 1810. His son,  also John, born 1796 was free of the Clockmakers Company in 1817 until 1867.  25  William Thomas, 93 Strand, London: a full hunter silver pocket watch, the full-plate fusee movement with a duplex  escapement and three-bar balance with three poising screws, jewelled balance pivots, diamond endstone, ruby cylinder and  maintaining power, the backplate and dust cover both signed William Thomas, 93 Strand, London, the dial signed Willm Thomas,  Strand, with gold spade hands. The full hunter case is hallmarked for London 1817, with case makers initials TG, probably Thomas  Gooch, 23 Coppice Row, Clerkenwell, and inscribed JH 1830.  William Thomas was apprenticed in 1762 becoming free of the Clockmakers Company in 1772. His son, also William, is recorded  working from circa 1828.  Movements  26  J.R. Arnold & Chas Frodsham, 84 Strand, London, 6/3253: a three-quarter plate fusee movement with a lever escapement  and split bimetallic balance, the index with a Coventry fleur-de-lys mid-point mark, the dial is signed Arnold, in typical form, above  Chas Frodsham, 3253.  A business run by Charles Frodsham after the death of John Roger Arnold in 1843 having approached Arnold’s executor Richard  Steele who granted Frodsham the right to purchase the whole of the business.  27  Brockbanks’, London, 4797: a lever movement converted from duplex, with a short curved sided lever and later maintaining  power, the underdial having scratched ‘Leverised by HH, Coventry, 21/1/84’ (being 1884), the case probably made at  the time of  conversion. See exhibit 22 above for details of Brockbanks’.  28  Viner & Co., London, 5467: a full-plate fusee movement with a lever escapement and steel three-arm balance and modified  Bosley regulation. Charles Edward Viner was a fine and innovative watchmaker who was apprenticed in September 1802 to Thomas  Savage of Red Lion Square, he became Free of the Clockmakers Company in 1813 and a Liveryman in 1819 until 1840, possibly the  year of his death.  29  Barraud’s, Cornhill, London, 2/1688: remains of a movement with a duplex escapement and brass four-arm balance, typical  Barraud saw-cuts to the cock, and a modified Bosley regulation, along with the remains being the fusee, barrel and dust cap.  Barraud’s were a famous family of watch, clock and chronometer makers working mainly at 86, then 85 and finally 41, Cornhill,  London, originating with Francis-Gabriel Barraud but really coming to prominence with Paul Philip Barraud, Master of the  Clockmakers Company in 1810 & 1811, who was followed by his sons John, Frederick & James, and then grandsons Frederick and  Hilton. 30  Danl. Desbois, Grays Inn Passage, Holborn, 44203: a full-plate fusee movement with a lever escapement, gold three-arm  balance, finely engraved cock and modified Bosley regulation with a raised silvered quadrant, the frame stamped with the initials PR,  with the dust cover stamped J.H  Daniel Desbois set up as a clockmaker in circa 1785 having been apprenticed to John Johnson of 9, Grays Inn Passage, London and  whom he succeeded in 1799. He died in 1848, aged 75 and was succeeded by his son, also Daniel, with whom he had been in  partnership from 1836. Daniel Desbois jnr continued until his own death aged 76.  31  De La Salle, Cannon Street, London, 5494: a three-quarter plate fusee movement with a free-sprung lever escapement, split  bimetallic balance, the backplate signed, the dial signed De La Salle & Christie, London. (See next exhibit) James Thomas De la  Salle, Clockmakers Company 1816 – 1844, & William Christie are recorded as working in Cannon Street from circa 1820 until circa  1845 when Christie went alone until circa 1880, presumably on the death of De La Salle.  32  Wm. Christie, Chronometer Maker to the Admiralty, 129 Cannon Street, London, 56160: a full-plate fusee movement with  a lever escapement, split-bimetallic balance, engraved balance cock, the dial signed Christie, Cannon St, London, 56160.  33  Webster, Cornhill, London, 7071: the remains of a full-plate fusee movement with a lever and steel three-arm balance, the  barrel plate signed Rd Webster, Cornhill, London, 7071, with dial plate, minute wheel and dial signed Webster, London, 7071.  Richard Webster is recorded at Change Alley, Cornhill in circa 1811. Click on Image below to Enlarge
7  Robins, Soho
9  T.J. Mercer
  10  Allam & Caithness
8  Bishopp London
3  Jacobs dial
8  Bishopp dial
 4 & 5  McCabe, London
1  Penlington, Liverpool
2  Williamson, Rochdale
3  Jacobs, Hull
6  Sherwood, Leeds
11  Haley dial
11  Haley, London
14  Kendal & Dent dial
 16  Sir John Bennett, London
15  Earnshaw, London
13  Arnold & Dent bottom plate
15  Earnshaw dial
12  Bellion, Liverpool
18  J.B. Dent dial
12  Bellion bottom plate
12  Bellion cover
13  Arnold & Dent
14  Kendal & Dent
20  Forrest, London
21  Miles, London
19  Alfred Russell, Liverpool
17  Cross, London
23  Peter Litherland, Liverpool
22  Brockbanks, London
22  Brockbanks movement
25  William Thomas dust cover
26  Arnold & Frodsham dial
27  Brockbanks, London
26  Arnold & Frodsham, London
24  Grant, London 29  Barrauds movement
31  De La Salle & Christie
31  De La Salle dial
30  Daniel Desbois, London
28  Viner & Co, London
32  William Christie dial
33  Richard Webster, London
32  William Christie, London
33  Richard Webster dial